Your face will feel dry, tight and uncomfortable and you may even have some itching, as this skin type can be lacking in both oil and moisture. Dry skin is prone to irritation and ageing, developing fine lines, cracks, flaking and redness. Pores will be fine and skin may appear shrunken, dull or dehydrated with a thin papery texture.
To keep dry skin healthy home maintenance treatments can help to stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce natural oils and retain moisture. Your skin care regime should include regular exfoliation to remove any dead skin which will block the absorption of your products; weekly masks and a carefully chosen moisturiser.
Your skin will have a healthy glow with no visible pores or any greasy or flaky areas as it has a balance between sebum (oil) and moisture. Normal skin should feel soft, moist and plump with a fine smooth texture. This skin type can have occasional break-outs during hormonal periods, however, normal skin is the least problematic type.
To maintain normal skin at it’s best stick to a daily routine including cleansing, toning and moisturising.
Oily skin appears shiny and greasy with large open pores, a coarse thick texture and is prone to blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and acne. On the positive side, oily skin has less wrinkling as it tends to age more slowly than other skin types.
Oily skin should be cleansed morning and evening with a gentle cleanser, being careful not to strip the skin of it’s natural oils, removing the skin’s natural protective defense, as this will lead to germ penetration, cause the skin to produce more oil, and could lead to blemishes and even acne.
A carefully selected exfoliation and mask routine will ensure your skin stays clean and healthy and help to normalise the production of sebum. Twice daily cleansing should always be followed by toning and moisturising, using an oil-free lotion or cream.
This skin type is the most common and often will have dry areas such as the cheeks, along with oilier zones of forehead, nose and chin (T-zone). It may have blemishes and a larger pore size in the T-zone and you may find that at different times, depending on stress levels, climate and environmental conditions, the level of dryness and/or oiliness may vary.
Depending on the condition of your skin, a combination of skin care products should be used to care for the different areas, however, it is possible to use products specifically designed for a combination skin type.
Acne and Problem Skin
Acne is a disease that affects the sebaceous and hair follicles of the skin, causing many lesions from blackheads to pustules and even cysts. In most cases acne starts between the ages of 10 and 13, during puberty, and usually lasts for 5 to 10 years, however it is possible to experience acne for the first time as an adult, along with skin sensitivity and dehydration.
During periods of increased hormonal activity, the rate of sebum production is increased and dead skin cells are shed more rapidly inside the follicle. The combination of sticky sebum and dead cells provide an ideal environment for bacteria to flourish inside the follicle and on the surface of the skin, causing inflammation pustules and cysts.
Acne can be triggered by stress; comedogenic (pore clogging) ingredients in cosmetics; the environment from sun exposure and pollution; hormone fluctuations; friction or trauma; heat and humidity; and heredity.
To successfully treat acne it is beneficial to adhere to a well balanced diet and drink plenty of water, as well as:- removing known triggers; using the right skin care products; and following a routine to ensure that skin is kept clean and bacteria free without stripping the natural oils from the skin. An oil free moisturiser should always be applied to help regulate sebaceous activity.
Always remember to avoid the following:
- Toners, masks and exfoliants that contain scrubbing particles or alcohol. These products can irritate and dry out the skin excessively causing dehydration, sensitivity and breakouts as the skin tries to compensate for the loss of oil by stepping up production!
- Cleansing mitts and wash cloths which can harbour bacteria (rinse with hands instead).
- Skin and hair care products that contain oil, lanolin and artificial colours, fragrances and preservatives which can clog pores and irritate the skin.
- Picking, squeezing or even touching the skin (your hands are the dirtiest part of your body!) can irritate the skin and make acne worse, also prolonging healing time and increasing the risk of scarring.
- Comedogenic ingredients in skin care products which, surprisingly, are frequently used in products made specifically for acne sufferers and which are used in varying quantities, with the ingredients with the highest concentration used at the top of the product’s list of ingredients. Unless the product does not clearly state “certified organic” and display the logo of the certifying body clearly, it’s best to steer well clear of these products.